Monthly Archives: July 2016

ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவம் – பால பாடம் – ஒரு அறிமுகம்

ஸ்ரீ: ஸ்ரீமதே சடகோபாய நம: ஸ்ரீமதே ராமானுஜாய நம: ஸ்ரீமத் வரவரமுநயே நம:

ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவம் – பால பாடம்

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி திருப்பாவை அனுஸந்தித்துக் கொண்டு இருக்கும் போது, பேரர்களான வ்யாஸனும் பராசரனும் பாட்டியை நோக்கி ஓடி வருகிறார்கள்.

paramapadhanathan-2

பராசர: பாட்டி, எனக்கு ஒரு சந்தேகம். ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவம் என்று கேள்விப்பட்டு வருகிறோமே, அதன் பொருள் என்ன என்று சொல்லேன்!

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: ஓ! மிக அருமையான கேள்வி பராசரா! ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவம் என்பது முழு முதற்கடவுளான ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனைக் காட்டிக்கொடுக்கும் அழிவற்ற பாதை; அவர் அடியார்கள் அவர் மேல் ஆழ்ந்த பரிபூரண பக்தி கொண்டவர்கள்;

வ்யாஸ: ஆனால் பாட்டி, ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனை ஏன் வணங்க வேண்டும்? வேறு யாரையும் தொழக்கூடாதா ?

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: இது ஒரு நல்ல கேள்வி வ்யாஸா! விளக்கமாக சொல்கிறேன் கேள்! ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவம் என்பது, வேதங்கள், வேதாந்தங்கள், ஆழ்வார்களின் திவ்ய் ப்ரபந்தங்களை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டது; இவற்றை ப்ரமாணங்கள் என்று கூறுவர் – ப்ரமாணம் என்றால் நம்பத்தகுந்த உண்மையான ஆதாரம் என்று பொருள்; ப்ரமாணங்கள் அனைத்தும் ஒன்று சேர ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனே அனைத்துக்கும் காரணமானவர் என்று விவரிக்கின்றன. நாம் அத்தகைய உன்னதமான பரமாத்மாவையே வணங்க வேண்டும். அத்தகைய உயர்ந்த காரணமானவர் ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனே என்று ப்ரமாணங்கள் காட்டிக்கொடுக்கின்றன. ஆகையால் ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவத்தின் உட்கருத்து ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனே.

வ்யாச: இதை அறிந்து கொள்ளவே இனிமை பாட்டி! நாம் ஸ்ரீ வைஷ்ணவத்தை பின்பற்றுகிறோமே பாட்டி, நாம் பொதுவாக செய்ய வேண்டியவை என்ன பாட்டி?

பாட்டி: எப்பொழுதும் பெருமாள், தாயார், ஆழ்வார்கள், ஆசார்யர்களைத் தொழுவதே நாம் செய்யவேண்டிய தர்மம்.

பராசர: பாட்டி, ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணனே நமது பரிபூரண இலக்கு என்றாயே; பின் ஏன் தாயார், ஆழ்வார்கள், ஆசார்யர்களை வணங்க வேண்டும் ?

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: மிக நல்ல கேள்வி கேட்டாய் பராசரா! தாயார் பெருமாளின் தர்மபத்னி (மனைவி) ஆவார். பார், பெருமாள் நமது தந்தை, தாயார் நமது தாய் ஆவார். இவர்களை நாம் சேர்த்தே வணங்க வேண்டும். நாம் அவ்வப்பொழுது நம் தாய் தந்தையரை சேர்த்தே வணங்குகிறோம் இல்லையா – அதைப்போன்றே நாம் பெருமாளையும் தாயாரையும் சேர்த்தே வணங்க வேண்டும். ஆழ்வார்களும், ஆசார்யர்களும் ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணின் அன்பிற்குரிய பக்தர்களாவர். அவர்கள் ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணின் மீது ஆழ்ந்த பக்தி கொண்டிருந்தவர்கள். இவர்கள் தாம் பெருமாள் தாயார் இவர்களின் மேன்மையை நமக்கு தெளிவாகத் காட்டிக் கொடுத்தனர் – ஆகையினால் நாம் இவர்களையும் வணங்குகிறோம்.

வ்யாச: நாம் வேறு என்னென்ன செய்ய வேண்டும் பாட்டி?

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவர்களாகிய நாம், நாம் அனைவரும் பெருமாள், தாயார் இவர்களே நம் தாய் தந்தை என்பதை உணர்ந்து கொள்ள வேண்டும். அதனால் எல்லோருடைய நன்மைக்காக பிரார்த்திக்க வேண்டும். ஸ்ரீமன் நாராயணின் மேல் பிறரும் பக்தி செலுத்த நாம் உதவி செய்ய வேண்டும்.

பராசர: அதனை எவ்வாறு செய்ய வேண்டும் பாட்டி?

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: ஓ!, அது மிக சுலபம். நாம் யாரைக் கண்டாலும், அவர்களுடன் பெருமாள், தாயார், ஆழ்வார்கள், ஆசார்யர்களைப் பற்றி மட்டுமே பேச வேண்டும். பெருமாள், தாயார், ஆழ்வார்கள், ஆசார்யர்கள் இவர்களின் மேன்மைகள் குறித்து அறிந்து கொண்டு அவர்களும் பக்தி கொள்வர். இது அனைவருக்கும் சிறந்த நன்மை பயக்கும்.

வ்யாஸ: இது மிகவும் சிறந்ததானது பாட்டி! நம் பொழுதைப் போக்க எவ்வளவு அற்புதமான வழி? ரொம்ப நன்றி பாட்டி. இன்று நாங்கள் ஸ்ரீ வைஷ்ணவம் குறித்த அடிப்படைகளைக் கற்றுக் கொண்டோம்.

ஆண்டாள் பாட்டி: நல்ல புத்திச்சாலித்தனமான கேள்விகளைக் கேட்ட சுட்டிப்பிள்ளைகள்! உங்களால் பெருமாளும் தாயாரும் இன்று மிகவும் உகப்படைந்திருப்பார்கள். வாருங்கள், கொஞ்சம் பிரசாதங்களைப் பெற்றுக் கொள்ளுங்கள்.

அடியேன் கீதா ராமானுஜ தாஸி

ஆதாரம்: http://pillai.koyil.org/index.php/2014/07/beginners-guide-introduction-to-srivaishnavam/

வலைத்தளம் – http://pillai.koyil.org/

ப்ரமேயம் (குறிக்கோள்) – http://koyil.org
ப்ரமாணம் (க்ரந்தங்கள்) – http://granthams.koyil.org
ப்ரமாதா (ஆசார்யர்கள்) – http://acharyas.koyil.org
ஸ்ரீவைஷ்ணவக் கல்வி வலைத்தளம் – http://pillai.koyil.org

Beginner’s guide – ALavandhAr’s Sishyas – 1

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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thiruvarangapperumAL araiyar, periya thirumalai nambi and thirumAlai AndAn

pancha-acharyasALavandhAr’s Sishyas

parAsara and vyAsa enter ANdAL pAtti’s house with their friend vEdhavalli.

pAtti : Welcome vEdhavalli. Come in children.

vyAsa : pAtti, last time you said you will tell us more about rAmAnujar and his AchAryas.

parAsara : pAtti, didn’t you say that rAmAnujar had many Acharyas and not just periya nambi? Who were the others pAtti?

pAtti : As I told you children last time, ALavandhAr had many Sishyas who worked towards nurturing iLaiyAzhwAr in to the sampradhAyam. The prominent ones are :- 1) thiruvarangapperumAL araiyar 2) thirukkOshtiyUr nambi 3) periya thirumalai nambi 4) thirumAlai AndAn 5) thirukkachchi nambi along with periya nambi. Do you remember that we talked about periya nambi last time when we met? Now, let me tell you about the other AchAryas and their valuable contribution to our sampradhAyam.

parAsara : pAtti, why did rAmAnuja have so many AchAryas?

pAtti : Each of them in their own way moulded SrI rAmanuja into a great AchArya that he turned out to be. thiruvarangapperumAL arayar did the great kainkaryam of bringing rAmAnujar from kAnchipuram to SrIrangam.

vyAsa : How did that happen? Tell us the story pAtti.

pAtti : rAmAnujar was living in kAnchipuram then and had also accepted sanyAsASramam. araiyar goes to kAnchipuram at that time and requests thirukkachi nambi to allow him to perform the araiyar sEvai before dhEvap perumAL . dhEvap perumAL through his archakars asks araiyar to render araiyar sEvai in front of him. araiyar with great love and devotion sings pAsurams with dance and action. emperumAn becomes extremely pleased and offers him many gifts. araiyar says that he does not need those gifts and tells him that he needs something else. emperumAn agrees and says “I will give anything; go ahead and ask”. araiyar then points at rAmAnujar and says that he wants him to be brought along to SrIrangam. dhEvap perumAL says “I did not think you were going to ask for him; ask for something else”. araiyar replies “you are none other than SrI rAman who does not have two words – you cannot refuse any more”. dhEvap perumAL then finally agrees and gives farewell to rAmAnujar.

vyAsa: What a great trick pAtti? That was very intelligent of araiyar to some how convince perumAL.

pAtti: Yes vyAsa. Immediately, araiyar holding rAmAnujar’s hands, starts his journey towards SrIrangam. Thus, araiyar did the most important favour for SrIvaishnavam by bringing rAmAnujar over to SrIrangam to establish our sampradhAyam firmly and take it to great heights.

vEdhavalli : pAtti, you said each AchArya moulded rAmAnujar in some way. What did araiyar teach rAmAnujar?

pAtti : ALavandhAr instructed each of his prominent Sishyas to teach different aspects of our sampradAyam to rAmAnujar. araiyar was asked to teach the true essence of our sampradhAyam to rAmAnujar. Now , rAmAnujar performs a beautiful thing before he went to araiyar to learn. He performs kainkaryam to his AchArya (araiyar) for 6 months before he sets forth to learn anything. This is a very important aspect that rAmAnujar, kUraththAzhwAn, mudhaliyANdAn and many other AchAryas did in their lives – kainkaryam to their respective AchAryas before learning anything from them. This shows the devotion they have towards what they are intending to learn and also on the one who will be teaching them. rAmAnujar used to prepare milk in proper warmth every day and also prepared turmeric paste for araiyar to be applied when necessary.

vyAsa: pAtti, what did the other AchAryas teach rAmAnujar?

pAtti : Yes, I’m coming to them one by one. thirumalai nambi was rAmAnujar’s maternal uncle. He is the foremost of SrIvaishNavas hailing from thiruvEnkatam. He did kainkaryam to lord SrInivAsa and was engaged in bringing thIrtham (holy water) from AkASa gangA (a water source on thirumalai) everyday. He served lord SrInivAsa with great care and dedication. He was instructed by his AchArya ALavandhAr to teach the essence and beautiful meanings of SrI rAmAyaNam to rAmAnujar. SrI rAmAyaNam is famously called as SaraNAgathi SAsthram in our sampradhAyam. It was thirumalai nambi who, being the maternal uncle of rAmAnujar, named him as iLaiyazhwAr when he was born. Not only this, thirumalai nambi also brought gOvindhap perumAL , the maternal cousin of rAmAnujar back to our sampradAyam. His knowledge in our sampradAyam and his love for AzhwAr’s pAsurams are unparalleled.

parASara : pAtti, can you tell us more about thirumAlai ANdAn? How did he help rAmAnujar?

pAtti : thirumAlai ANdAn was given the responsibility of teaching the meanings of thiruvAimozhi. After rAmAnujar arrives at SrIrangam, thirukkOshtiyUr nambi guides him to thirumAlai ANdAn to listen and learn the great meanings of nammAzhwAr‘s thiruvAimozhi. Although, initially the two had few differences of opinions as it happens between any great scholars, it was resolved amicably and rAmAnujar learnt the intricate meanings hidden in the pasurams of AzhwArs with the blessing of his AchArya thirumAlai AndAn. thirumAlai AndAn had such great respect and devotion for his AchArya ALavandhAr. He never swayed away from the path and the teachings of his AchArya and taught them to rAmAnujar so that he can carry forward the kainkaryam to our sampradAyam.

vEdhavalli : and what about thirukkOshtiyUr nambi and thirukkachchi nambi?

pAtti : I will tell about them the next time we meet. There are many interesting stories about them.

vyAsa, parAsara and vEdavalli ( in chorus) : Tell us the stories now pAtti.

pAtti : It’s getting late. This is enough for today. Go home now and come back tomorrow and don’t forget to bring your friends along with you.

The children leave to their homes thinking about the AchAryas and eagerly waiting for the stories that pAtti will tell them the next day.

adiyEn jAnaki rAmAnuja dAsi

Beginner’s guide – periya nambi

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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parAsara and vyAsa enter ANdAL pAtti’s house. aththuzhAy enters with a prize in her hand.

pAtti : What did you win here dear?

vyAsa : pAtti, aththuzhAy enacted as ANdAL in our school’s fancy dress competition, sang few pAsurams from thiruppAvai and won the first prize.

pAtti : That’s wonderful aththuzhAy! I will hear the pAsurams from you after I tell you about periya nambi today.

vyAsa, parAsara and aththuzhAy ( in chorus) : And also about iLaiyAzhwAr, pAtti.

pAtti : yes, of course. As I said the last time, periya nambi was one of the prime Sishyas of ALavandhAr. He was born in SrIrangam in the month of mArgazhi, kEttai nakshatram. He was the one who brought iLaiyAzhwAr from kAnchipuram to SrIrangam. While periya nambi was on his way to meet iLaiyAzhwAr in kAnchi, iLaiyAzhwAr started on his journey to meet periya nambi in srIrangam.

parAsara : pAtti, why did iLaiyAzhwAr leave for SrIrangam when he was learning under yAdhava prakASa in kAnchipuram?

pAtti : Very good question! Remember last time I told you that AlavandhAr entrusted thirukkachchi nambi to guide iLaiyAzhwAr as needed? When iLaiyAzhwAr started having difference of opinions with his guru yAdhava prakASa and was confused, with many doubts and questions lingering like dark clouds in his mind, he approached thirukkachchi nambi for solution. And who did thirukkachchi nambi talk to for guidance?

aththuzhAy : dhEvap perumAL!

pAtti : Excellent! It was dhEvap perumAL who always came to iLaiyAzhwAr’s rescue and told him to go to periya nambi, get pancha samskAram from periya nambi and become his Sishya. He clarified all the doubts lingering in iLaiyAzhwAr’s mind just like how a bright, rising sun would remove the darkness of the night and bring the dawn. So as iLaiyAzhwAr was leaving from kAnchi, periya nambi was on his way to kAnchi to meet iLaiyAzhwAr. They both met at a place called madhurAnthagam and periya nambi initiates ilaiyAzhwAr into our sampradAyam by doing pancha samskAram to him right there.

vyAsa : Oh yes, we have the yEri kAththa rAmar temple in madhurAnthagam. We went to that temple during my holidays last time. But, why did he not go to kAnchi or srIrangam to get iLaiyAzhwAr initiated? Why did he do it right there in madhurAnthagam itself?

periya nambi – SrIrangam

pAtti: periya nambi was a great AchAryan who had immense attachment and respect towards iLaiyAzhwAr. He knew that such good deeds must never be postponed and iLaiyAzhwAr also felt the same. Children, from this we learn never to delay or postpone good things or kainkaryams related to our sampradAyam. The sooner, the better! periya nambi knew the true principles of our sampradhAyam which is to never differentiate a devotee of Lord and treat everyone equally with love and respect. He loved his disciple rAmAnuja so much that he sacrificed his life for the future of our sampradhAyam – rAmAnuja!

vyAsa : He sacrificed his life! Why did he have to do that pAtti?

pAtti : At that time, the Saiva king ordered rAmAnuja to come to his court to accept his demands. Instead of rAmAnuja, kUraththAzhwAn, one of the great disciples of rAmAnuja, disguised as his AchAryan, went to the court room with periya nambi, who was very old then. periya nambi was also accompanied by his daughter whose name is aththuzhAy!

aththuzhAy : That’s my name too!

pAtti : Yes it is! When the king orders them to accept his demands, both kUraththAzhwAn and periya nambi refuse to relent to the king’s demands. The king got very angry and ordered his soldiers to pluck their eyes off. Unable to tolerate the pain due to old age, periya nambi gives up his life and reaches paramapadham on his way back to SrIrangam, resting on the lap of kUraththAzhwAn. These great souls sacrificed everything without any worry just to safeguard rAmAnuja, who is like the central gem in a pearl necklace. What would happen if we break the pearls in a necklace?

parAsara and vyAsa ( Together in chorus) : The necklace would break too!

pAtti : Exactly! Similarly, although rAmAnuja was the central gem in the pearl necklace called our sampradhAyam, all the AchAryas as the pearls, held together the necklace and saw to it that the central gem was safe. So we must all be ever-grateful to our AchAryas and always feel humbled by their lives.

parAsara : pAtti, What happened to kUraththAzhwAn ?

pAtti : kUraththAzhwAn, his eyes blinded, returned back to SrIrangam. He was one of the greatest disciples of rAmAnuja and accompanied rAmAnuja in all aspects of his life. I will tell you more about kUraththAzhwAn and rAmAnuja the next time we meet. Now, hurry up and go home. Your parents will be waiting for you. And, aththuzhAy, next time I will hear the thiruppAvai pasurams from you.

The children go back home thinking about periya nambi and kUraththAzhwAn.

adiyEn Janaki rAmAnuja dAsi

Beginner’s guide – ALavandhAr

SrI:  SrImathE SatakOpAya nama:  SrImathE rAmAnujAya nama:  SrImath varavaramunayE nama:

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vyAsa and parAsara enter ANdAL pAtti’s home along with their friend aththuzhAy. ANdAL pAtti welcomes them with prasAdham in her hands.

pAtti : Welcome aththuzhAy! Here wash your hands and feet and take this prasadam. Today is uthrAdam, the thirunakshathram of  ALavandhAr.

parAsara : pAtti, last time you said you will tell us the about yamunaiththuRaivar, remember?

pAtti : Yes! I remember and I’m happy that you too remember and want to know about our great AchArya. It is his thirunakshathram today. Quite the right time to talk about his glories.

vyAsa : pAtti, but did you not say it was ALavandhAr’s thirunakshathram?

ALavandhAr – kAttu mannAr kOyil

pAtti : Yes. yamunaiththuRaivar who was born in kAttu mannAr kOyil later became popularly known as ALavandhAr. He was born as the son of ISvara muni and the grand son of  nAthamunigaL. He studied under mahAbhashya bhattar. There is a very interesting story about how he came to be hailed as ALavandhAr. Those days pandits had to pay taxes to the chief pandit. AkkiyAzhwAn, the rAja purOhithar sends his representatives to all pandits and asks them to pay taxes to him. mahAbhAshya bhattar becomes worried and  yamunaiththuRaivar says that he will take care. He sends a SlOkam which says “he will destroy the poets who look for cheap publicity”. Seeing this AkkiyAzhwAn gets angry and sends his soldiers to bring yamunaiththuRaivar to the king’s court. yamunaiththuRaivar tells them that he will come only if he was offered proper respects. So, king sends him a palanquin and yamunaiththuRaivar visits the court. While the debate is about to start, the queen tells the king that she is sure that yamunaiththuRaivar will win and if he loses, she will become a servant of the king. And the king was confident that AkkiyAzhwAn will win and he says if yamunaithuRairvar wins, he will give half the kingdom to him. Finally, with great valor and knowledge, yamunaiththuRaivar won the debate against AkkiyAzhwAn. AkkiyAzhwAn becomes so impressed that he too becomes a disciple of yamunaiththuRaivar. The queen gives him the name “ALavandhAr” – one who came to protect her – had he not won, she would have become a servant and so she too becomes his Sishyai. He also gets half the kingdom as promised by the king.

vyAsa : pAtti, if yamunaiththuRaivar got half the kingdom, he must have been ruling the kingdom. How did he get into our sampradAyam?

aththuzhAy : He was brought into our sampradAyam by  maNakkAl nambi who was the disciple of  uyyakkoNdAr. According to the instructions of  uyyakkoNdAr, maNakkAl nambi took the initiative to bring ALavandhAr to the sampradhAyam.

pAtti : That is exactly right and wonderful aththuzhAy! How did you know about this?

aththuzhAy: My mother also tells me stories about our AchAryas and perumAL.

pAtti : ALavandhAr is the great AchAryan who brought  SrI rAmAnuja to the sampradhAyam with lord dhEvap perumAL’s blessings.

parAsara : But pAtti, how did dhEvap perumAL help ALavandhAr?

pAtti : It was in kAnchipuram, that ALavandhAr saw iLaiyAzhwAr who was yet to become rAmAnuja, in varadharAjap perumAL temple. iLaiyAzhwAr was learning from his guru yAdhava prakASa. ALavandhAr prays to dhEvap perumAL to make iLaiyAzhwAr the next leader of the sampradhAyam. Thus it was dhEvap perumAL who nurtured and raised iLaiyAzhwAr like a mother would do to her child and it was this great  ALavandhAr who showered his blessings on iLaiyAzhwAr who later goes on to do greatest of great kainkaryams for the sampradhAyam. ALavandhAr also entrusts thirukkachchi nambi to guide iLaiyAzhwAr as needed. Remember thirukkachchi nambi?

vyAsa : Yes pAtti, he is the one who does thiruvAlavatta (fan) kainkaryam to dhEvap perumal and also talks with dhEvap perumAl and thAyAr. How nice it would be if we could also talk to perumAL like thirukkachchi nambi? So did ALavandhAr and iLaiyAzhwAr meet? Did ALavandhAr accept iLaiyAzhwAr as his Sishya?

pAtti : Unfortunately no! Before iLaiyAzhwAr could come to SrIrangam to become ALavandhAr’s disciple, ALavandhAr left this world reached paramapadham. They could not meet each other but iLaiyAzhwAr promises to fulfill ALavandhAr ‘s wishes. Next time, when I meet you kids, I will tell you all about how  periya nambi, one of the many disciples of  ALavandhAr became iLaiyAzhwAr’s achArya and guided him throughout. AlavndhAr had numerous disciples and all of them worked together to bring iLaiyAzhwAr to the sampradAyam. Apart from periya nambi, periya thirumalai nambi, thirukkOshtiyur nambi, thirumAlai AndAn, mARanEri nambi, thirukkachchi nambi, thiruvarangap perumAL araiyar and many others were  ALavandhAr’s shishyas.

vyAsa , parAsara and aththuzhAy : It was very interesting pAtti. Next time, please tell us about periya nambi and iLaiyAzhwAr.

pAtti : I will be very happy to tell it but now it’s getting very dark outside. Go to your home children.

The children leave happily to their homes thinking about ALavandhAr.

adiyEn Janaki rAmAnuja dAsi