Author Archives: Sarathy Thothathri

About Sarathy Thothathri

Disciple of SrImath paramahamsa ithyAdhi pattarpirAn vAnamAmalai jIyar (29th pattam of thOthAdhri mutt). Descendant of komANdUr iLaiyavilli AchchAn (bAladhanvi swamy, a cousin of SrI ramAnuja). Born in AzhwArthirungari, grew up in thiruvallikkENi (chennai), presently living under the shade of the lotus feet of jagathAchArya SrI rAmAnuja, SrIperumbUthUr. Learned sampradhAyam principles from (varthamAna) vAdhi kEsari azhagiyamaNavALa sampathkumAra jIyar swamy, vELukkudi krishNan swamy, gOmatam sampathkumArAchArya swamy and many others. Full time sEvaka/servitor of SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam. Engaged in translating our AzhwArs/AchAryas works in Simple thamizh and English, and coordinating the translation effort in many other languages. Also engaged in teaching dhivyaprabandham, sthOthrams, bhagavath gIthA etc and giving lectures on various SrIvaishNava sampradhAyam related topics in thamizh and English regularly. Taking care of portal, which is a humble offering to our pUrvAchAryas. is part of SrI varavaramuni sambandhi Trust ( initiatives.

Beginner’s Guide – SrIman nArAyaNa’s divine mercy

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vyAsa and parAsara hears ANdAL pAtti reciting amalanAdhipirAn on a lovely Sunday morning

parAsara: pAtti, What are you reciting? We hear you recite this every day in the morning.

ANdAL pAtti : parAsara, This is called amalanAdhipirAn.  It was composed by thiruppANAzhwAr who is one among the 12 AzhwArs.

periyaperumal-thiruppanazhwarsrI ranganAthanthiruppANAzhwAr

vyAsa: Who are AzhwArs? What is amalanAdhipirAn? We would like to know more about them pAtti, can you tell us?

ANdAL pAtti: I can certainly tell you more about AzhwArs and their works, but before that, you need to know something more about srI ranganAthan.

vyAsa: What is it, pAtti?

ANdAL pAtti: You both need to know about his mercy

parAsara: Please tell us pAtti.

ANdAL pAtti: As of now, what I am going to tell you might be little difficult to comprehend. Hence, Just listen carefully, OK?

parAsara and vyAsa: OK, pAtti.

ANdAL pAtti: We already saw in previous discussions how srIman nArAyaNa descended from parampadham as srI rAma, krishNa, etc., and many archAvathAra emperumAns starting with srI ranganAthan. He is also present inside each one of us as antharyAmi.

parAsara and vyAsa are now focusing on each and every word of ANdAL pAtti with utmost attention.

ANdAL pAtti: Can you recollect from previous discussions why he appears in so many of these forms?

parAsara and vyAsa: Oh yes pAtti! We know that he likes us all so much. So he comes down to be with us.

ANdAL pAtti: Excellent! You have understood the principles very well. Not only he comes down to be with us, but he also wants to bring us with him to paramapadham eventually.

parAsara: Why pAtti? What is so special about that place? Is it better than srIrangam?

paramapadhanathanparamapadhanAthan in paramapadham (srIvaikuNtam)

ANdAL pAtti: ha! ha! ofcourse, srIrangam is very nice. But paramapadham is his eternal abode where there is pure bliss and plenty of opportunities for us to serve him continuously.  See, here, we go to temple, participate in uthsavams, etc., but at some point we have to come home and do other things. But in paramapadham there is no such break – its continuous joy.

vyAsa: wow! that is the way I like it – constant bliss.

ANdAL pAtti: Also, here, our body’s capacity is limited – we get tired, sometimes catch cold, fever, etc. But in paramapadham, we get a divine body which has none of these troubles. We can eternally engage in kainkaryam and still not feel tired or sick ever.

parAsara: wow! that is even better. So, what does he do to bring us to parampadham.

ANdAL pAtti: Excellent question. He does so many things out of his limitless mercy. Mercy means helping others out of kindness. He himself descends as srI rAma, krishNa, ranganAtha, srInivAsa, etc. But he still is unable to bring more of us with him, since many people dont understand him clearly and accept him as supreme.

vyAsa: Why dont people understand him when he is in-front of them?

ANdAL pAtti: It is because he is so big, so some people are envious and others are scared to approach him seeing his supremacy.

parAsara: Oh OK. I am assuming this is some how leading up to AzhwArs.

ANdAL pAtti: Brilliant. Yes. perumAL thought of an idea. Do you know how hunters catch deers? They first catch a deer with great effort. They then train that deer to attract other deers. When other deers become attracted by the original deer, the hunter quickly catches them all.

vyAsa: Yes pAtti. I have heard about the same trick being applied to catch elephants as well.

ANdAL pAtti: Yes. Similarly, perumAL out of his causeless mercy to help every one, selects a few persons and give them full devotion towards him and blesses them full knowledge about himself and everything else.  Such persons who are immersed in devotion towards perumAL are called AzhwArs.

parAsara: Oh. So, through AzhwArs, many become his devotees and reach him. Wow! Its a great plan by perumAL.


ANdAL pAtti: Yes, this is his great mercy. Remember, one cannot become an AzhwAr by ones own effort. Only by bhagavAn‘s mercy, one can become an AzhwAr. Because one can develop some devotion towards bhagavAn with his/her own effort – but to have full devotion towards bhagavAn only, one needs to have the full mercy of bhagavAn. Similarly, one can develop some knowledge through ones own effort – but to have full knowledge about everything, only bhagavAn who has such knowledge can bless others to have that.

parAsara: Yes, pAtti. We understand now. You are so good to us in explaining these principles. And see, since you said its a little bit more difficult subject, we did not even blink our eyes.

ANdAL pAtti: Yes. Before I let you go and play today, I will just explain you about amalanAdhipirAn, since you first asked about it. It is the work of thiruppANAzhwAr who fully enjoyed the divine beautiful form of periya perumAL. In the 5th pAsuram, he says to srI ranganAthan, you have been doing severe penance for several years, just to relieve me of my sins and help me understand you and reach you. That is where our whole conversation about the srIman nArAyaNa‘s mercy started. Now, you have a good understanding of the whole thing. Next time, I will explain you more about the AzhwArs. Now you both can play for some time.

parAsara and vyAsa: Thank you pAtti. We will sure return to hear about AzhwArs soon.

Authors: jayakrishNan rAmAnuja dAsan, sArathy rAmanuja dAsan

srI mahAlakshmI’s motherly nature

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The next day pAtti takes parAsara and vyAsa to srIrangam temple via North Uththara vIdhi (street). As soon as they enter the temple. vyAsa and parAsara finds a sannidhi on their right side.

vyAsa: pAtti, whose sannidhi is this?

ANdAL pAtti: vyAsa, this is srI ranganAyaki thAyAr Sannidhi.

parAsara: pAtti, but we only saw srI ranganAtha yesterday in the procession.

ANdAL pAtti: Yes, parAsara. That is right. It is because, srI ranganAyaki thAyAr does not come out of her Sannidhi. Even srI ranganAtha has to visit her, if he wants to see her.

parAsara: Oh! ok pAtti. That means, we need to visit her all the time. Now, we have one more reason to visit the temple, whenever we are in srIrangam.

After the dharsan of thAyAr, they come out of the Sannidhi.

ANdAL pAtti:  Let me ask a question to both of you. When you both return home late in the evening after playing games, how do your father react?

vyAsa: pAtti, He gets angry during those times.

ANdAL pAtti: Do your father punish you then?

parAsara: We rarely get punished pAtti. Whenever he is angry, our mother stops him from punishing us.

ANdAL pAtti: Just like that, we may do things which perumAL might not want us to do and he may feel like punishing us for it, during those times, thAyAr talks to perumAL and protects us from the punishment.

parAsara: Then you are right, pAtti. She is like our mother.

ANdAL pAtti: Atleast, namperumAL carries weapons though it is for our protection, but thAyAr carries lotus flowers only since she is very soft-natured. To reach perumAL you need to cross ranga-ranga gOpuram, then nAzhikettAn vAsal (entrance), then garudar Sannidhi, dhwajasthambam and then srI ranganAtha’s sannidhi. But As soon as you enter from North uthra vIdhi (street), you reach thAyAr Sannidhi. Thats how close she is to us.

vyAsa: yes pAtti.

ANdAL pAtti: Even as Mother sIthA, she saved kAkAsura from srI rAma. kAkAsura, son of indhra, took the form of a crow and troubled her. srI rAma was going to punish him. But she mercifully saved kAkAsura from srI rAma. Similarly, she saves all the rAkshasis in the asOka vanam after srI rAma killed rAvaNa. hanumAn wanted to kill them all for the troubles they gave her. But she kindly saves them and explains to hanumAn that they were helpless at that time and had to execute rAvaNa’s orders. Thus, out of motherly affection, she tries to protect every one constantly.

sita-rama-kakasurasIthA pirAtti saving kAkAsura

sita_with_rakshasis sIthA pirAtti surrounded by rAkshasis

parAsara and vyAsa: Hope she can also save us all the time pAtti.

ANdAL pAtti: She certainly will. She will always recommend to perumAL to protect us as that is her primary duty.

parAsara: Is that all she does pAtti? I mean “talking to perumAL in favour of us”?

ANdAL pAtti: Well. She does that until perumAL accepts us. But once perumAL accepts us, she also sits with perumAL and enjoy our devotion and service towards them.

vyAsa: How is that pAtti?

ANdAL pAtti: Its very easy to understand. When you serve your parents, do you just serve your father?

parAsara: No, pAtti. Both mother and father are equally dear to us. We would like to serve them both.

ANdAL pAtti: Yes – you got it. Similarly, thAyAr helps us to reach perumAL by recommending to him. But once we reach perumAL, she also accepts our loving devotion along with perumAL.

namperumal-nachiar_serthi2thAyAr and namperumAL – together on panguni uthram day

parAsara and vyAsa: Wow! This is very easy to understand pAtti. We hope to hear more next time. We want to go out and play now for some time.

parAsara and vyAsa then runs out to play!

Author: jayakrishNan rAmAnuja dAsan – edited by sArathy rAmanuja dAsan

SrIman nArAyaNa’s divine archA form and qualities

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vyAsa and parAsara come back to ANdAL pAtti’s house after playing with their friends. They find ANdAL pAtti arranging fruits, flowers and nuts in a plate:

vyAsa: pAtti, whom are you arranging these fruits and flowers for?

ANdAL pAtti: vyAsa, It is time for srIranganAthan’s procession and he visits us on the way. When someone visits us as our guests, especially elders, it is our duty to take care of them, while they are with us. That too when a grand eternal king visits us, we need to ensure that he is taken care of thoroughly.

parAsara: Oh sure, pAtti. Then, I will give the fruits to srIranganAthan, when he arrives.

ANdAL pAtti: That’s so nice of you, parAsara. Come, let’s wait at the entrance for his arrival.

namperumal-2-nachiarsnamperumAL (srIranganAthan) arrives in front of ANdAL pAtti’s home. parAsara is found gleaming at the propect of providing the fruits and flowers to srIranganAthan

parAsara : pAtti, What does he hold on his left hand?

namperumal2chakram (disc) in right hand, sanku (conch) in left hand – above his shoulders,
abhaya hastham (posture giving protection) in right hand, mace in left hand – below his shoulders

ANdAL pAtti: He holds a mace in his left hand, parAsara. In the archAvathAram of srIranganAthan, he has four hands. On the other left hand over his shoulder, he holds a conch and on the hand seen above his right shoulder, he holds a sudharsana chakram. He shows his weapons to inform us, that he is always around to take care of us and to destroy our difficulties.

vyAsa: What does the right hand signify, pAtti?

namperumAL-abhayahasthamabhaya hastham – posture of hand giving us protection

ANdAL pAtti: That’s a nice question. His right hand is directed affectionately towards us to say that “I am here to take care of you, so don’t fear” and also to let us know his affection for all of us. Just like how a cow runs to a calf, when the calf needs her, no matter how the calf might have behaved before.

namperumal2 - smiling-face and tall-crowntall crown (supremacy) and smiling face (simplicity)

vyAsa: Ok, pAtti. Then, what does he have over his head?

ANdAL pAtti: It’s a crown, vyAsa. It shows that he is the owner of everything in this world.

parAsara: The crown looks very good, pAtti. It fits very well with his adorable face

ANdAL pAtti: Yes, he has the most adorable face. He is always happy being with us, that too when he is between children like you, he is even happier.

parAsara: Yes, pAtti. I saw him from a very close distance. I could also see him smiling and his feet even closer.

ANdAL pAtti: Oh, that’s nice parAsara. We usually say “lotus feet” due to its tender and beautiful nature. His smiling face indicates that he is easily he has descended joyfully to be with us. His lotus feet are so firmly placed over the pItam (lotus flower base), which means that he has come down for us and he will not leave us. So, today, we have seen some of his main auspicious qualities in his archAvatharam form namely vAthsalyam (motherly forbearance – him showing his hand in protecting us), svAmithvam (supremacy – long crown), sauseelyam (mixing freely with us – ever-present smile in his beautiful face) and saulabhyam (easy approachability – his lotus feet which is easy to hold on to).

vyAsa and parAsara stand in awe and their eyes follow the procession as it goes past them.

Author: jayakrishNan rAmAnuja dAsan – edited by sArathy rAmanuja dAsan

Beginner’s guide – Who is srIman nArAyaNa?

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ANdAL pAtti takes parAsara and vyAsa to srIrangam temple.


vyAsa: Wow, pAtti, its a huge temple. We haven’t seen anything like this big before. We have heard about kings living in such huge palaces. Are we going to visit a king?

ANdAL pAtti: Yes, We are going to visit the king of all, rangarAjan here. rangarAjan (the king of srIrangam), we fondly call him as periya perumAL and namperumAL in srIrangam. periya perumAL in the lying posture over Adhi sEshan shows his supremacy or swAmithvam. He waits for his devotees to visit him and showers his blessings when they visit him, whereas namperumAL exhibits saulabhyam, one who is easy to approach, he understands the difficulties of some of his devotees, who might not be able to visit him, therefore he visits them as part of his puRappAdu (savAri/procession). In srIrangam almost throughout the year, we will have namperumAL visiting his devotees and showering his blessings on them.

parAsara: pAtti, but we thought perumAL stays in vaikuntam, how come he is here as well?

ANdAL pAtti: Yes parAsara, what you heard is right. perumAL is in vaikuntam and he has also come here to be with us. I’m sure you might have heard about the various forms of water: liquid, steam and ice. Likewise, perumAL has five forms, they are para, vyUha, vibhava, antharyAmi and archai. The form that perumAL has taken in srIrangam is known as archAvathAram. avatharam means coming down or descending. As I told you earlier, we pray for the well-being of everyone in this world. srIman nArAyaNa came here as an answer to our prayers. He has a great affection for all of us and prefers to be with us, that is also one of the reasons for his presence as srIranganAthan here.


pAtti, vyAsa and parAsara leaves the sanctum Sanctorium after worshipping periya perumAL.

vyAsa: We have also started to like him, after hearing more about him from you, pAtti. Moreover, he looks like us pAtti.

ANdAL pAtti: He not only looks like one of us, but he also lived like one of us. In vibhava form, he renounced his supreme vaikuntam to be with us and was born and lived like us as srI rAma and krishNa. Many of us have special liking for either srI rAma or krishNa, so he decided to continue to be with us as krishNa in periya perumAL’s form and as srI rAma in namperumAL’s form. periya perumAL is always seen lying in a deep thought, thinking about his devotees and namperumAL is always in the middle of us, enjoying the love shown by his devotees.

All three of them reach their home.

vyAsa and parAsara: OK, pAtti. We are going to the playground now.

ANdAL pAtti: Play carefully children and do remember to talk about srIman nArAyaNa as much as possible with your friends as well.

Authors: jayakrishNan rAmAnuja dAsan – edited by sArathy rAmanuja dAsan

Introduction to srIvaishNavam

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ANdAL pAtti is reciting thiruppAvai, when parAsara and vyAsa comes running towards her.


parAsara: pAtti, we have a doubt. We keep hearing about srIvaishNavam, please tell me what does that mean.

ANdAL pAtti: Oh, very nice question parAsara. srIvaishNavam is the eternal path which outlines srIman nArAyaNa as the supreme lord and his followers worship him with full faith.

vyAsa: But pAtti, why srIman nArAyaNa? why not some one else.

ANdAL pAtti: vyAsa, that is a good question. let me explain. srIvaishNavam is based on vEdham, vEdhAntham and dhivya prabhandhams of AzhwArs. All of these are called pramANam – pramANam means authentic source of information. All these pramANams unanimously explain that srIman nArAyaNa is the cause of all causes. We are supposed to worship the supreme cause. That supreme cause is explained as srIman nArAyaNa. That is why srIvaishNavam fully focusses on srIman nArAyaNa.

vyAsa: That is good to know pAtti. So, we understand that we are also followers of srIvaishNavam. Generally, What are we supposed to do pAtti?

ANdAL pAtti: We regularly worship perumAL, thAyAr, AzhwArs, AchAryas, etc.

parAsara: pAtti, you said we focus fully on srIman nArAyaNa. But why worship thAyAr, AzhwArs, AchAryas, etc?

ANdAL pAtti: That is a very good question parAsara. thAyAr is the divine consort (wife) of perumAL. See, perumAL is our father and thAyAr is our mother. We worship them together only. Often, you offer praNAmams to both your father and mother – so similarly, we also worship perumAL and thAyAr together. AzhwArs and AchAryas are dear devotees of srIman nArAyaNa. They had very strong devotion towards srIman nArAyaNa. They were the ones who clearly highlighted the glories of perumAL and thAyAr – so we worship them too.

vyAsa: What else we do pAtti?

ANdAL pAtti: As srIvaishNavas, we understand everyone is children of perumAL and thAyAr. So, we pray for the well being of everyone. We help others in their devotion towards srIman nArAyaNa.

parAsara: How do we do that pAtti?

ANdAL pAtti: Oh, that is very easy. Whenever we meet any one we discuss with them only about perumAL, thAyAr, AzhwArs and AchAryas. By understanding the greatness of perumAL, thAyAr, AzhwArs, AchAryas, etc – they will also develop devotion. That will be very beneficial to everyone.

vyAsa: This is very nice pAtti. what a wonderful way to spend our time? Thank you so much pAtti. Today we learnt some basic things about srIvaishNavam.

ANdAL pAtti: It is very nice of both of you to ask such intelligent questions. perumAL and thAyAr will be very happy for both of you. Come, let us have some prasAdham now.

Author: sArathy rAmAnuja dAsan

archived in

pramEyam (goal) –
pramANam (scriptures) –
pramAthA (preceptors) –
SrIvaishNava education/kids portal –

samskrutham – introduction

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srImallakshmInrsimha para bhramhaNE nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImadh varavaramunayE nama:

Priya Bandho,

It gives me immense pleasure to be a part of the team who are interested in
developing the language Samskritam. Samskritam is one of the ancient languages.
The Indian culture and tradition are mainly rooted and established in this
language. The early texts namely the Vedas , Upanishads, Puranas , Itihasas etc.
are found in this language.

Further the greatness of this language has been accepted and honoured by the
whole world.

Why to learn (Sanskrit) Samskritam ?

  • To go to source granthas and have deeper perspective of the same.
  • To have a firsthand experience of the granthas composed by our PurvaAcharyas
  • To keep the thread connected to the forth coming generations of our sampradaya and works related to it.
  • To have a great joy in reading and understanding the granthams in original version as our purvas did.
  • To have a better understanding of the terminologies and concepts in the sampradaya.
  • To improve the pronunciation of the Mantras or Slokas for more benefits.
  • And many more….

Language as such has two major uses. One is to speak and the other to read or
write. For speaking a language script is not essential. For reading and writing the
script plays a vital role. A language can be easily represented in various other
For example – adiyen Ramanuja dasan Devarir samskritam katrukkolla iruppadu
romba nalla vishayam.
The Tamil sentence has been represented in English roman script. Still we can read
it and understand as we know Tamil also.
Thus a language has a concept called script and this is used for reading and writing
purposes. Sanskrit has various forms of representations in different scripts. A few
worth mentioning here are Devanagari, Nandi nagari, sharada granthakshara etc.
The grantha script mainly developed in the dravidadesha.
The script we use is Devanagari which is widely used by majority of people who use
Scheme of work

  • Firstly the alphabet will be introduced and by regular practice the way of
  • writing and the form written have to be registered.
  • Pronunciation of individual letters and combined letters
  • Formation of small words
  • Different types of words (Parts of speech)
  • Rules of Sandhi
  • Declension of nouns
  • Tenses and moods
  • Conjugation of verbs
  • Syntax
  • Compounds

Lessons will be prepared based on the above concepts and posted in regular
intervals. As much as possible the explanations and examples will be derived based
on the sampradaya granthas.
Sessions will be there to clear the doubts and to provide clarity in the concepts.
External links will also be suggested. Regular worksheets will be given and
occasional tests will also be conducted.

Outcome of learning Samskritam

  • One becomes better by learning samskritam
  • Due to the proper pronunciation of the letters positive vibrations take place
  • Listening to upanyasams of the adhikaris will be more pleasurable.
  • Daily puja rituals will be made more meaningful.
  • Atmatrupti

These are some points mentioned here and many more adhrishta phalas are there
which will be reaped by the readers time to time.
The next phase will be the alphabet introduction that is the aksharamala.
In samskrita seva
Koil Kandadai Anandheri Narayana dasan

Find Matching Pair

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srImathE satakOpAya nama:
srImathE rAmAnujAya nama:
srImadh varavaramunayE nama:


  1. Find similar images in the grid by clicking over the hidden blocks.
  2. Once you find a similar pair, the blocks would automatically disappear.
  3. At the end of the game, you would be able to clear all the blocks.
Puzzles by

Concept and design: indumathi rAmAnuja dAsi